Category Archives: Automotive

What Are Car Fault Diagnosis

Automotive came out and during use, due to various reasons inevitably fails, to power cars, economy, handling stability, security and other changes in use. We can use diagnostic tools launch x431, lexia3, mb star. Some unexpected car trouble, some are evolving. When the car fails, experience and scientific knowledge can be used quickly and accurately diagnose the cause of the malfunction, to identify damaged parts and parts, and troubleshooting as soon as possible on the vehicle’s use and maintenance of benefit. Car, this modern means of transport, from the manufacturing factory of the day, no matter how they talk, there is a certain life. No matter how used, sooner or later are to be bad, so do not use the failure is relative, and a variety of fault occurrence is inevitable. Therefore, the reasons for failure analysis and diagnosis, help to make judgments, so that car in good condition in the case of technology running.

Reliability and easy maintenance from the point of view, automotive electronic control system should be equipped with self-diagnostic function; since the 80’s GM vehicles the United States developed the first in a new electronic control system malfunction self-diagnostic function to add, the global world-class car manufacturers emulate, have produced in various electronic control systems equipped with a fault in the self-diagnostic function; after a long period of development, self-diagnostic module will not only address the safety of automobile electronic control systems and vehicle storage memory failure also able to provide immediate car produced by a variety of system operation parameters. Since then, the “car fault self-diagnosis function” has become the new car factory and car repair workshop fault detection problem indispensable helper.

Automotive fault forming because of the following areas:

Itself vulnerable parts exist. Do not overlook the use of launch x431. Automotive design is not possible all the parts car has the same life, some parts for the car itself, wearing parts, such as air filter core, spark plugs, engine oil life is shorter, need to be changed regularly, if not timely damaged cars will be replaced or early failure.

Differences in the quality of parts itself. Auto and auto parts are high-volume and produced by different manufacturers, there is inevitably the quality difference. The use of original parts will have problems, collaborative works and substandard parts fitted to the car will have problems, all car manufacturers are working hard to improve the quality of parts, elimination of components and quality defects.

Differences in the quality of automotive consumables. There are cars on consumables such as fuel and lubricants, these added supplies of poor quality will seriously affect vehicle performance and service life, making the car more prone to failure. Add these items is often difficult for users to ensure that little carelessness will join the low-quality gasoline and low-grade oil, cars and engines on the great harm, potential users do not care, car on a problem.

It seems that a car using the environmental impact. Open-air vehicle for the use of a larger environmental impact. Pavement broad and smooth, high-speed car, failure and accident-prone; road uneven, bumpy car vibration serious injury prone. Mountain power consumption, the city waiting for the bus a long time and so make use of vehicles has greatly changed conditions, and sometimes can not adapt to the time and lead to failure, or cause unexpected damage. Technology can be used simultaneously with lexia3.

Driving skills and driving method of. Driving the car failure a great impact, greater use of undue influence. Poor management of motor vehicles not required to take the combined and periodic maintenance, driving and so barbaric and brutal will start early damage and car crashes.

Automotive fault diagnosis and repair technology impact noon. Car use to regular maintenance, a fault to make accurate diagnosis in order to fix. In the car use, maintenance, fault diagnosis and repair operations are Xuyao skilled, especially Hyundai, Technology Application in more, which requires Qiche use, maintenance personnel should understand and master the advanced vehicle technologies and new technologies. No repair and not to collect maintenance, do not know can not tamper with so old disease is not eliminated, new problems will emerge.

Therefore, the car breakdown widely present in the vehicle’s manufacture, use, maintenance and repair work of the whole process, for each link should be great attention, especially in the use of cars should pay attention to the failure, there is failure to discover and remove , can reduce automobile use during the accident occurred. More useful diagnostic techniques have mb star. Cars in use, the inevitable to various problems. Car traffic on the way, the failure to spot checks by the car driver, on the spot diagnosis on the spot troubleshooting, can the vehicle to continue driving; some larger or more complex fault car driver difficult themselves to the car mechanics and vehicle maintenance technicians to check the diagnosis, rule out the possibility. Car trouble changing, strange variety, but the fault diagnosis methods and steps are certain, as long as the basic method is correct, clear, appropriate methods, fault diagnosis is easily made.

Things to Keep in Mind during Manual Driving Lessons

Learning anything new can be an exciting and stressful process; manual driving lessons are no different. Whether you’re a new driver by all standards, or you’ve already been educated in operating an automatic vehicle, there are so many new things to keep in mind. It can be an intimidating process if you lose your head, but by following these 3 steps, you may be able to keep your wits about you.

Relax and Focus
Nothing makes this type of activity more stressful than the inability to relax and go with the flow. With the added pressure of recalling when to shift and how to do so, while performing the usual tasks involved with operating your vehicle, it can be a daunting experience if you’re not in the right frame of mind.

Learn From Your Instructor

This may seem obvious, but many people go into this type of situation with the attitude that they already know what do to, and just need a few fine pointers on how to perfect their skills. Don’t enter into a student/teacher relationship with this mentality or you won’t get anything out of it, and will end up blaming the instructor when the fault is all your own. Take your time, ask questions, and pay attention to what’s being said if you’re serious about perfecting your new abilities.

Clutch and Breaks

These are the two biggest differences between standard and automatic models, and they’re also the trickiest things to master. The key to shifting properly is to release the break simultaneous to employing the clutch and then to change gears. If you release the break too quickly, or push the clutch in prematurely, you will stall the car, and get frustrated. Don’t let a few mistakes during this process break your spirit; it takes most new drivers a few tries to master this step. Another thing to avoid is forcing the change; if your vehicle won’t shift; there is probably something you’re not noticing, or a procedure that isn’t being properly followed. Forcing the change can grind the gears and damage the car.

Of course nobody is perfect, but as a rule, practice certainly brings us closer to our goal. Don’t be discouraged on your first few tries if you can’t get it right away. It often takes multiple efforts to get the hang of this style of vehicle. Take your time, listen to instruction, and stay relaxed; you’ll do just fine.

Three Custom Car Detailing Career Tips

If youre going to work in automotive painting and auto detaining, here are three crucial tips to take into account.

1. Who car detailers are and what they do
Car detailing includes the interior and exterior cleaning and detailing of engines, they are responsible for making minor repairs, removing swirls and defects, polishing, removing stains and grease car wash, vacuuming and shampooing upholstery, paint protection, buffing and waxing, and cleaning wheels. In addition to these duties and responsibilities, many technicians who begin a career in custom car detailing pursue automotive painting.

2. Get yourself a basic education
While car detailing experts do not need to attend a full four year study at a university, it is important to enter the automotive career field with some official training. Many community colleges and technical, vocational schools offer two year degrees and certifications in automotive detailing. Some programs can be taken in less than three months and offer education on the fundamentals of chemical use, use of industry-specific tools and equipment, safety, education on complete engine and body detailing, and knowledge of how to price their services and helpful business practices.

3. Improve and build upon that education
While it can be very tempting to simply finish the most basic of coursework and launch yourself in a car detailing job within half a year, persons wanting a more long-term career should consider continuing their education and possibly working as an apprentice. The U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics suggest that persons who simply operate within the confines of car detailing make between $20,000 to $30,000 a year, whereas those skilled in automotive painting and employed as auto body and paint technicians can earn as much as $80,000 a year. Journeyman auto body and paint technicians build on the basics they learn as car detailers and add to this knowledge the ability to remove and install auto body panels, parts, and glass, the ability to completely prepare a vehicle for paint, detail work, and the skill to use high transfer paint equipment. Learning these skills in an automotive school gives you a better understanding of industry-standard methodology, and a degree officialises your education for your future employers. Of course, choosing to work as a car detailer and apprenticing as an automotive painter under an established technician is a great way to get hands-on training while being paid.

To be successful in automotive careers like car detailing you need to have passion for the work, have a basic education, and be willing to continue and improve upon the founding blocks of your education. Careers should be open to advancement, allowing you the freedom to grow and mature as an automotive-based technician. For more information, contact an automotive school near you today.

Types Of Automotive Lifts

Auto lifts can be found in most urban cities. Mechanics use them to raise vehicles for bottom access. In the past, most automotive lifts were of the in-ground type. These days, the majority of garages have surface-mounted lifts, which are bolted to the floor and utilize a hydraulic pump or a screw-type drive powered by an electric motor.

Here are the different types, available from garage equipment supply dealers:

In-Ground

This type of vehicle lift is assembled below the floor of the garage. It consists of one or more pistons, depending on the maximum weight capacity. Lifts with one or two pistons are used for compact, mid-sized and full-sized cars. Lifts with three or more pistons are used for larger vehicles, such as RV’s and busses.

Two-Post Surface Mounted Automotive Lifts

The most common automobile lift utilized today is called the “Two Post Surface-Mounted Lift.” On each column, there are lift arms. These are controlled hydraulically, electronically, or mechanically.

Multi-Post Runway Lift

The most common type of Multi-Post Runway lift is the four-post mounted lift, which is extensively used by oil change, transmission, and muffler service shops. Youll find this type of automotive lift in wheel alignment service stations as well. The car is driven onto the two runways and raised, exposing its underside.

Low/Mid Rise Frame Engaging

This type of auto lift engages the vehicles frame while lifting. There are two ways this type may operate. One way is scissor-style, moving straight up. Another is parallelogram-style, moving forward or backward, while raising or lowering. This type is commonly used for tire, brake, and wheel services, as well as auto body repair.

Drive-On Parallelogram Vehicle Lift

The Drive-On Parallelogram Lift is a surface-mounted auto lift. It has two runways where the wheels of the car should be placed. It has a lifting mechanism that moves the vehicle a short distance forward or backward while raising or lowering. The direction depends upon the way the lift is mounted.

Scissors

The Scissors Lift can either be of a fixed-pad type or a roll-on frame/underbody engaging type. It has a lifting mechanism thats similar to the parallelogram lift. The main difference is that the scissor lift goes up and down, on a straight vertical path.

Movable-Type Wheel Engaging Auto Lift

This type of auto lift is used for vehicles that are longer than conventional cars, such as buses and trucks. It consists of several lifting columns in sets of two, four, six, or more. Columns can be moved can can be connected with other columns so that their movements are synchronized.

Water Rinse- Less Car Washing

Water restrictions

In a (very) few more years the waterless wash will be the only legal way to wash vehicles. The environmental protection agency (EPA) is going to continue to put restrictions to conserve our lessening water resources, which will put an end to traditional car washings methods.

Disposal of Aqueous Solutions

One should never assume that aqueous solutions can be disposed of down the drain. Your local water treatment authority or publicly owned treatment works will have information on treatment and disposal of these cleaners. Adjustment of pH and dilution are usually required before disposal to a drain. Always comply with current water usage and disposal regulations / water usage restrictions

Optimum No Rinse Wash & Shine

To the list of oxymorons add – the sunless tan, cheese less pizza, soap-free detergent and the no-water carwash.

An innovative product that protects automotive paint, while preserving our most valuable resource, water; enabling you to wash your car anywhere, anytime even inside your garage. Its a multi-purpose product that serves as a shampoo additive, no rinse wash, quick detailer and clay lubricant.

Use as a winter car wash or in areas that have hosepipe ban, water usage restrictions, or where a water supply is not readily available (apartments, car shows, etc; cleans and protects while minimising water usage, 100% environmentally safe and it reduces water usage to a fraction of a conventional car wash, 1- oz ONR per 2- gallons of water to wash the entire car.

When sprayed on a dirty surface; surfactants break down the soil by releasing its surface tension or bond with the surface, encapsulating the soil particles, and the polymers provide surface lubrication to enable safe (marring free) removal

How does ONR work?

[The polymers in No Rinse have reactive groups that bond and trap dirt particles making the dirt particles virtually non-abrasive. They also bond to oily particles and emulsify them into water. The latter is equivalent to the cleaning action from soaps which also work by emulsifying oil particles into water. However, with soap there is no interaction with dirt. This is why adding No Rinse to a regular wash also helps protect the paint from dirt particles.
The No Rinse polymers also bond to all automotive surfaces and create a slick surface and act as a barrier to protect paint from marring. That is something that soap will not provide since surfactants in soaps have no affinity for painted or other automotive surfaces.

When you use 1 oz. of No Rinse in 1 or 2 gallons of water for your wash at the molecular level this provides hundreds of billions of polymer molecules to do what was said above. Additional product will not be necessary except if you are using tap water that contains high levels of minerals such as calcium hydroxide or silicates. In these cases some of the polymers will bond to these minerals and take them out of solution therefore more product might be necessary to compensate for this effect. This is another reason why adding No Rinse to regular car wash soap improves the results when using tap water. ] [David Ghodoussi]

To remove stains the surface tension that bonds them must be released, then the stain encapsulated and held in suspension to be removed. ONR is an almost waterless wash that doesnt require rinsing, its formulated with surfactants to keep dirt in suspension, avoiding surface contact; it also provides surface lubrication, thereby avoiding surface marring. A surfactant or surface active agent is a substance that, when dissolved in water, gives a product the ability to remove dirt from surfaces. They emulsify the dirt; the polymer protects the paint surface by forming a molecular bond, which remains even after the wash, offering protection comparable to that of a spray wax

ONR is an ionic wash that contains zwitterions (hybrid) [: a chemical compound that carries a total net charge of 0, thus electrically neutral but carries formal positive and negative charges on different atom] This allows the polymers to attach to the dirt and form a molecular bond to the surface at the same time. ONR binds the dirt to the wash media intentionally; so you should change washing media as needed

The No Rinse polymers also bond to automotive paint surfaces and create a slick surface and act as a barrier to protect from marring. That is something that soap will not provide since surfactants in soaps have no affinity for painted surfaces (unlike a polymer).

Surfactants

A surfactant or surface active agent is a substance that, when dissolved in water, gives a product the ability to remove dirt from the surfaces by lowering the surface tension of the medium in which it is dissolved. By lowering this interfacial tension between two media or interfaces (e.g. water/stain) the surfactant plays a key role in the removal and suspension of dirt. The lower surface tension of the water makes it easier to lift dirt and grease off of surfaces, and help to keep them suspended in the dirty water

ONR Directions (Label)
1. Add 1oz to 2 gallons of water in a wash bucket
2. Soak wash media (Zymol sponge or wash Mitt) in solution and wash vehicle in sections
3. Dry each section with two clean towels consecutively

Clean the vehicle in this order

1.Hood, front windshield
2.Trunk, rear windshield
3.Half roof, each side to rockers
4.2nd Half roof, each side to rockers
5. Bumpers, rockers
6.Wheel surfaces
7.Engine compartment

This is usually a progression from the least to the most soiled areas.

ONR Wash Methodology

Optional Pre-Soak (very dirty surfaces) – Spray down individual panels with a 1:20 solution ONR / distilled water with a fine mist spray bottle, then wipe-down each panel with a wet micro fibre towel
Use a Monster Fluffy micro fibre towel for washing.
Take one towel and wet it with ONR mixed as per directions (1- oz / 2- gallons of water)
Wring it out and make a single pass per clean side of the towel.
You can get 4-8 passes, with the towel folded in quarters. Each pass is then done with a perfectly clean towel surface and you’re never rinsing any dirt out and releasing it in to your wash or rinse water. You can do the whole car with 2-4 towels.
Apply no pressure to the towel. I just glide it over the surface and only make one pass in one direction with a clean surface.
If you use the two bucket method (one fitted with a grit guard) which highly recommended with this type of product, the wash solution will stay clean enough to be reusable as a pre-soak solution or for cleaning wheel surfaces.
ONR is formulated to ensure that dirt particles wont mix with the solution but fall to the bottom of the bucket.
There is no need to rinse afterwards with ONR, but if you feel you must, please ensure that the water goes to a sewer and not a storm drain; either way the lubricating polymers in the No Rinse do a better job of protecting the finish than conventional car soap.
ONR is ultra violet (UV) sensitive, it causes it to lighten its colour, but has no detrimental effect

Used in tandem with Optimum Instant Detailer & Gloss Enhancer, Finish Kare 425 or Ultima Detail Spray for a just waxed look. If you use the two bucket method (one fitted with a grit guard) the wash solution will stay clean enough to be reusable. ONR is formulated to ensure that dirt particles wont mix with the solution but fall to the bottom of the bucket.

The key to using ONR is to make sure your panel is thoroughly washed. This doesn’t mean that you have to saturate your mitt and/or panel with the ONR but rather go over that panel 2 or 3 times if needed. When you wipe dry there should be no remaining dirt on the panel. If need be use several mitts, discarding a mitt as it becomes visually dirty. When finished there should be little or no water on the ground.

Why Cars Are Using Automotive Lithium Polymer Battery These Days

The automobile industry relies heavily on batteries. For a number of reasons, a person has to use an automotive battery, since it is not possible to get direct electricity supply in a running vehicle. For instance, did you ever wonder how does your car”s light get its power? Or how, for example, do you run the AC in your automobile even though you don”t have to pay any electric bill for it? All these are fuelled by the car”s battery! It is vital that the battery which is being used in a vehicle is a high quality one. That is one reason why the popularity of automotive lithium polymer battery China has soared with time.

It has appeared as a cost-effective solution to the general needs of an average vehicle owner. It offers light weight and is economic because of its low maintenance and long life. There are many reasons why the manufacturers have expressed their satisfaction over use of these batteries while making cars. Here are some of them:

i. Light in weight: Batteries which are made of lithium polymer are very light in weight. It is always preferable that the vehicle doesn”t have to put up with a heavy load. The problem with installing conventional batteries is that they put a lot of extra weight to the automobile which adds to the friction and reduces the fuel efficiency of the car. On the other hand, automotive battery made of lithium polymer offers lightness and thus increases the fuel efficiency.

ii.Small in size: Another advantage they enjoy is that these batteries are miniscule in size. One of the key reasons why they are so small is that they enjoy greater energy efficiency. So, the manufacturer can easily derive adequate power even with a battery which is a shade smaller (and lighter) in size & weight. Being small, they do not require much space inside the vehicle. So, the automobile manufacturers can come up with vehicles which are smaller, lighter and more economic.

iii.Good restoration power: They offer great storage capacity. The vehicle owner can put his reliance on an automotive lithium polymer battery fully, since these products do not generally run out of charge. They also have a very good life. So, once you get them installed in the car, you won”t have to worry about any replacement for quite a few years.

iv.Reasonably safe: An automotive battery China made of lithium polymer is quite safe. In fact, contrary to the general notion that these batteries are dangerous, they have become quite risk-free. Over the past decade, the manufacturers have adopted better technologies to guarantee higher safety. So, they do not cause any problem as such and do not radiate excessive heat even during extreme usage.

v.Cost effective: As explained above, automotive lithium polymer battery is very cost-effective. These batteries may cost a bit more while purchasing them. But they last for many more years and depreciate very slowly. So, the rate of consumption per year certainly works to the advantage of the consumers.

Keeping all these factors into consideration, it can be concluded that this form of battery has empowered automobile manufacturers with greater flexibility and more feasible options.

Wiring Harness And Its Uses In The Automotive Industry

Wiring harness is that versatile tool that is capable of meeting diverse requirements in all industry sectors. However, it finds special use in the automotive sector for exceptional automobile set-ups. The wiring harness used in the automobile industry is a durable solution that has the capacity to resist high temperature and is ductile in nature. These automotive wiring harness varieties are dimensionally accurate and hence are in wide demand across various automobile manufacturing set up.

Most of the manufacturers that deal with this wiring harness variety ensure that they conform with the industry standards and you as a customer should only go for these ones to ensure safety. The best part about automotive wiring harness is that they can be customized as per the requirements and specifications of the user like different color coding and the specifications etc.

All high-grade automotive wiring harness varieties, find application for multiple purposes. They are used for ignition system, battery cables, AC, etc. in automobiles. Most of the manufacturers today fabricate these harnesses by using finest grade of materials. They are also stringently tested on each stage of fabrication to guarantee defect free harnesses. These types of harnesses are used for all types of vehicles like passenger cars, commercial vehicles, two wheelers and three wheelers, multi utility vehicles, farm, material handling equipment and off-the-road vehicles.

All harnesses for the automotive industry are designed to perform under extreme conditions with uninterrupted services and can hence sustain heavy loads. Apart from the standard ones there are special varieties like bus harness, truck harness along with wiring harnesses for four/two wheelers.

Among the various application areas where wiring harness for automobile is required includes power windows, horn relay and connector, dimmer switch connector, power door locks, circuit breaker for headlights, backup lights, ignition switch connectors horn, cigarette lighter, engine fan, radio battery, wipers, brake lights and many more. These harnesses are easy to install and are cost effective solutions to all kinds of electrical needs in automobiles. As per their requirements, these types of harnesses come in three different varieties viz; industrial automotive wire harness, high grade automotive wire harnesses and standard automobile wire harness.

Most of the manufacturers that produce or supply wiring harness also keep stock of other electrical tools like extension cord, and power supply cord, etc. that go well with any electrical or electronic appliances. Use these with locking plug for ultimate safety, as you would not want to risk the lives of your dear ones.