Category Archives: Automotive

Latching vs Momentary How Push Button Switches Impact Safety

The wrong switch in right place can make all the difference in the world. This is especially true when it comes to push button switches in the automotive industry where the difference between latching and momentary switches can have a significant impact on resource consumption, safety, and overall performance. The operation of the momentary push button switch is significantly better than a latching. >
To begin this literary demonstration you need to picture three things; your vehicle, a push button switch, and your exhaust system converted into a flamethrower ready to fire at the touch of a button. Specifically a push button at which point it will shoot up to 20 feet of fire out the back of your vehicle, but now what? You have a big ass ball of fire flaming out your tail pipe and your finger is stuck on the button. This is the point where your choice of push button will tell the tale of what happens next. If you bought a latching the vehicle would keep spitting fire out the back until you either push the button again, turn off your vehicle, or wait for your vehicle to completely run out of fuel which could be quite expensive. On the other hand if you have a momentary push button the flamethrower would stop instantly upon release and start firing again instantly the next time you push it.

The scenario above demonstrates that a momentary push button switch will always give you greater control over a process designed to be short and sweet. Long term processes such as starting an engine for a long trip are obviously better candidates for a latching button unless you like driving thru rush hour traffic with one hand on the wheel and the other on your switch. If you have any questions about the benefits of momentary switches feel free to visit the experts at SmokeandFlames.com who are happy to talk to you live online or over the phone.

Nanotechnology For Automotive Lubricant Systems

How and why tungsten nanospheres work:
To start, nano particles (spheres) are hard to imagine. So small, that they can interact with engine lubricant and other matter on a molecular level.
This interaction allows them to become one with both the metal surfaces and the lubricant they are exposed to, enhancing engine efficiency, power and gas mileage.

The tungsten component is chemically inert, stable and unaffected by temperatures encountered in application as a lubricant. Tungsten nanospheres will not alter the carrier, exposure to them alters the way the metal of the friction surfaces interact with the lubricant .

Once the metals are exposed to the tungsten component in the carrier fluid, metal to metal friction is dramatically reduced, if not eliminated.
This increases engine efficiency and gas mileage.
The end result is a dramatic reduction in wear, the friction that causes wear, heat, and power losses. This will also increase gas mileage.

Primitive man discovered that rubbing dead animal fat on things made them work better. Ever since, man has quested for better means of lubricating the things he (or she) has created.
Lubrication has progressed from animal and vegetable based oils and greases, to highly refined mineral bases, silicone and synthetics. Graphite and Molybdenum have been used as additives in varying degrees in the past.
Tungsten nanospheres are an exciting development in lubrication for the 21st century.

Benefits:Lower friction, improved lubricity, lower energy costs.
Measurably better gas mileage , reduce wear, increase engine efficiency and
increased horsepower. Lower operating temperatures (as less energy is converted into heat). Increase in Oil / lubricant life and longer changeovers.
High Load bearing property means Reduction in wear of mating parts.
Offers increased corrosion resistance. Nanoparticles cannot clog oil or fuel filters as .5 micron particles easily pass through filter.

Characteristics :Nanoparticles are defined as any particle with a size less then 100 nanometer (0.1 micronmeter). When materials are made into nanoparticles, their reactivity increases. Nanoparticles have a very high surface area to volume ratio, due to this, a higher percentage of atoms (in nanoparticles) can interact with other matter. Therefore, the surface area (measured in square meters per gram) is the most important unit of measure for nanoparticles.The higher the surface area,the higher the lubricity.

Tungsten nanoparticles as applied to engine lubrication:Tungsten nanoparticles are one of the most expensive and highly developed lubricant additives available today.
Nanotechnology, as applied to lubricant additives, suspends the tungsten spheres in the circulating lubricant. This allows the tungsten component to be applied to all metal bearing surfaces, as well as cylinder walls, pistons and piston rings. An important characteristic of nanoparticles, is that they bond to the metal friction surfaces. Essentially plating them, preventing metal to metal contact. Tungsten is one of the most wear resistant substances known to man. Tungsten nanoparticles are temperature resistant far beyond what is encountered in any automotive application.

Incorporation of tungsten nanoparticles into a lubricant only increases its performance as a lubricant.

Road Trip Preparation Prevent Unexpected Automotive Repair

If you are preparing for a day-trip or an extended vacation to unwind, having a “pre-trip” automotive service will ease your mind and possibly prevent an unexpected automotive repair that leaves you stranded out in the cold. Here is a simple check list to include in an automotive service to get you off to a great start:

* Vehicle Loading & Tire Inspection

Virtually all late model motor vehicles are equipped with a sticker located on the driver’s door or pillar. That sticker determines maximum vehicle capacity, which means the weight of the vehicle along with the combined weight of passengers and cargo. Don’t exceed the recommended load capacity. On the same sticker is also a tire pressure chart. Be sure to check all tires and make certain they are inflated properly. Tire tread depth should also be inspected. If tires are worn to a point where less than 2/32-inch of the tread remains, or if the cord or fabric is showing, it’s time to replace the tires.
* Lights & Horn

Inspect all exterior and interior light/lamp functions. If any bulbs are burned out, and if you are uncomfortable with replacing it yourself, take your vehicle to your automotive service center and have it taken care of. You will want to make sure the horn works properly.
* Windshield Wipers

Test the wiper operation of your vehicle. You will also want to check the wear of the wiper blades. If they are streaking, or squeaking, they probably need to be changed to make sure you have clear visibility in the elements.
* Parking Brake

Test the parking brake with the engine running, transmission in drive and your foot on the brake. With the parking brake engaged slowly release the foot brake. If your vehicle moves forward, then the parking brake is not adequate. To ensure your safety, don’t forget to have it checked as part of the automotive service.
* Spare Tire

Spare tires can lose pressure over time. It’s a good idea to not only check the pressure of the spare, you should also insure it isn’t damaged, as well as checking the tread wear and overall condition.
* Car Jack & Tools

Check the truck to make sure you have the appropriate tools and car jack (and that they are in good working order) for changing flats, etc.

If you have completed the above check-list and had a complete automotive service, make sure you have taken care of any deficient or broken items. Although you can never guarantee that something unforeseen may happen, you will at least be prepared for the unexpected.

Saving Money on Auto Repairs

If you are having problems with your vehicle you can take it to a mechanic or you can try to solve the problem yourself. Many mechanics charge high sums of money for their services, but there are several auto repairs you can perform yourself to save money.

One of the easiest auto repairs you can do yourself is changing the oil and replacing the filter. This needs to be done every three thousand to five thousand miles. This is a maintenance issue, but it will help you avoid the more costly repairs that will be necessary if you do not change it regularly. The hardest part may be finding a place to dispose of the old oil and filter as most cities have regulations on how they can be disposed of.
A more challenging do-it-yourself auto repair project is replacing the brakes and pads. Not having good brakes can result in expensive repairs to other parts of the vehicle later as well as the danger of not being able to stop fast enough, resulting in an accident where someone could get hurt. Changing them when you first notice a problem will help your vehicle run better, longer.

You can also perform your own tune-up fairly simply. This involves removing the spark plugs and replacing them with new ones. If too much time goes by, carbon builds up on the spark plugs in the engine, resulting in spark plugs breaking. A good indication of this problem is your vehicle misfiring when you accelerate or not speeding up as fast as it should.

Another fairly simple repair you can perform on your vehicle is replacing your windshield. All you need is a windshield repair kit that you can purchase from your local auto body shop. The best windows to repair are those where the crack is very small and the adhesive can fit into the chip. It is not recommended that you perform this repair in the hot sun, as the adhesive does not work as well under those conditions.

Finally, if you have steering problems, you can use a turkey baster to suck the old fluid out of the system, instead of paying upwards of a hundred dollars at your mechanic. This trick should remove roughly ninety percent of the old fluid. After this add the new fluid and start the vehicle. This will get the new fluid moving through the system, resulting in a better driving vehicle.

Auto repairs do not need to be expensive if you know what you are doing. Your pocket book will thank you and you can save money both in the short and long run.

Some Easy Way Of Automotive Fault Diagnosis

The first is to diagnose the question is asked with hope, a doctor needs to “look to smell it,” Fault diagnosis is the same car, which look and ask a quick effective way to diagnose car trouble. Detection technologies can be used in launch x431, lexia3, mb star. Vehicle breakdowns need to diagnose, repair personnel first saw a car, it should make auto forms and useful life of the initial judgments, can learn from their appearance in the form of vehicles, it is very important; from the appearance or turn driving exposure to the engine room, you can make a useful life of the judge, experienced maintenance personnel, and even sudden car breakdown can make judgments. A car in need of repair, maintenance staff must be accountable to users and owners to ask, including the car models, service life, repairs, usage, location and the phenomenon of failure, and failure to do what after the inspection and repair, although possible understanding of failure, which is a shortcut. By understanding the forms, can reflect the basic structure and performance of the car, if the form and structure of the understanding of the automotive repair experience, it would be easier diagnosis; If understanding is not enough, check out books and materials, it is able to grasp.

Through in-depth inquiry, basically you can understand parts of fault occurred. For example, you can ask to fault in the engine or transmission; if the engine is still better understanding of electrical failure or mechanical failure; also understand that if mechanical failure is the connecting rod or valve train, etc., to make further diagnosis much easier. Failure is confirmed, exclusion and maintenance becomes easy. If the user talk to overhaul the car should be asked Kiyonaga engine powertrain, revised chassis, cab and auto body repair, auto electrical and automotive air conditioning repair, etc.What is the maintenance of key parts and assemblies, in order to set a maintenance program.

The second method is to use experience of fault diagnosis, by definition, experience, Diagnosis of failure is the driver and maintenance personnel with the basic quality and experience, quickly and accurately make a diagnosis of vehicle faults. The so-called basic quality, whether the driver or vehicle maintenance personnel, are required to book-learning, and in educational practices, to gain basic knowledge and maintenance of automotive experience, it is very important. Automotive Technology is a comprehensive reflection of national economic development, automotive technology advances, more and more new technology, therefore, do not work hard to book-learning, not try to practice learning is impossible.launch x431 is a very good detection. For example, the car’s diesel engine unit pump fuel supply and engine speed control technology, and foreign new technology, requires knowledge on the basis of the original to the book-learning, to study materials, practice and then to carry out maintenance work. Only under the guidance of practice, practice is the right to sum up in practice and gain experience.

The so-called maintenance experience is essential, with experience in vehicle maintenance, re-encountering the same failure and similar failures can be resolved overnight. Experience, personal experience, after a summary and experience; there are other ways from the books and learn from the experience. Only combine the two in order to accumulate experience, more smoothly failure to judge the car. Such as diesel engine broke down, to cab flip, flip agency stuck a moment, the cab would not turn up, there is experience pushed a prize whenever one another, immediately turn the cab; such as during engine Speed fault, seeing the engine speed up rapidly, increasing noise, lack of experience does not make diesel engine flameout how dynamic, experienced person as long as the fuel tank slightly change the fuel valve turn 45 , engine stalling immediately to avoid a serious fault. This is not hard to see the result of accumulated experience. So to sum up experience and the experience to become a powerful weapon for vehicle maintenance, continue to use new knowledge and new experiences to arm themselves with the experience to solve the various cars and even a very complex problem treatment.

The third observation is diagnostic failure, the so-called observation is the car mechanic car users in accordance with the location of fault that careful observation of failure phenomena, and then make judgments on the fault, which is a most basic application is the most effective fault diagnosis. We often use lexia3. Such as hair dryer exhaust pipe to take the blue smoke of failure, you can take the phenomenon of blue smoke to determine if the process of long-term risk in the use of blue smoke, engine mileage and very long, enerally judged as cylinder or piston ring wear, result with the gap is too large, since the session of the oil through the oil piston rings and cylinder wall, fleeing into the space between the combustion chamber caused; if it is only when the engine emitting just launched an Lanyan a later they gradually take Lanyan become more modest, generally judged as the engine valve cover oil baffle rod bore wear and tear of aging or to disable the oil block, and a small amount of oil leakage along the valve rod into the cylinder caused. Experienced can accurately judge the inexperience of those who should be seen. In the process of observation, but also with the experience and theory to make careful thought and deduction, can not simply rush, can not be fooled by appearances. Some of those who experienced the phenomenon of the sudden can not see clearly, then we must read it several times, careful observation, to surface to see through the fault phenomena.

Diagnosis of hearing is the fourth failure, with the car and engine fault diagnosis of hearing is common and easy way. When the car is running, the engine in different operating conditions, vehicle and engine of this whole issue of a noisy but is a regular voice. When a failure of a part of abnormal noise occurs, there can experience abnormal noise issued immediately determine vehicle faults.Do not overlook launch x431, lexia3, mb star.For example, sound engine crankshaft and connecting rod mechanism, the main clutch ring, shaft ring, can be easily judged. For a good driver should be driving in the training of hearing, hear what the sound of motor vehicle parts, and from which to judge the abnormal noise and failure. Auto repair and engine failure, the vehicle maintenance staff often start the engine stop state, so the engine running at different speeds to hearing screening and diagnosis of engine failure; for the chassis and the clutch failure, often to road test the way to vehicles driving in different conditions, inspection and auscultation vehicle breakdown; difficult for the engine failure, but also the help of a stethoscope and a simple apparatus for auscultation, such as auscultation can be a long rod crank and linkage rod auscultation sound, you can hear the sound of Valve; used a rubber tube inserted into the volume of the oil-foot hole in the bottom of the oil pan above the oil surface can hear what the sound of the crankshaft, piston ring counterparts can hear the sound of gas channeling Department.

Check the parking brake state can step foot in the engine stalling when brake pedal, brake locking clear voice can be heard; lift the brake pedal brake shoe can hear the voices of recovery in situ. So well-trained drivers in traffic using the foot brake, in addition to the response under the car slow down, but also you can hear the voice of brake work, so the evaluation can be integrated brakes are working correctly. mb staris also a good detection method. Therefore, the automobile and engine noise as long as there is running, there should be a good first hearing, in the car at any time during the operation of vehicle and engine departments monitor the sound, with the speed of change in different parts of the noise, to hear what the normal sound, in the normal voice judged abnormal noise, abnormal noise in the judgments in the fault, of course, do have theoretical and empirical guidance.

Starting A Business Within The Automotive Industry

The automotive industry offers an opportunity for many individuals to get involved with a business of their own. The type of business that you choose is going to depend upon a number of different factors, including what may be available in the area and the type of skills that you currently have. It may also be possible for you to have a franchise and to go to a school that will teach you the skills that you do not yet know. Here are some of the different options that are available to individuals who want to start a business and work within the automotive industry.

One option that you have available is to detail cars before they are put on the car lot. At times, this is something that is going to be hired out to an individual that actually works for the car lot, but at other times, it will be hired out to a third party. In order for you to start a car detailing business, you’re going to need the proper equipment and a means to get that equipment to the location. It is always a good idea for you to be set up in such a way that you will be productive and will be able to get more done during the day.

Mobile painting is also a business that you should consider, if you enjoy working on automobiles and like seeing the end result. Of course, the type of equipment that you are going to use in the field is going to differ from the type that may be used in a factory. For example, they may use nanofiltration technology or an anolyte system to deposit the paint on the car for a professional finish. When you are working in the field, you’re going to need to become proficient at getting the paint and clearcoat on the automobile and giving a professional look. Considering the fact that you are going to be working outside in the elements adds another layer to this type of business. Even though it may have problems that are associated with it, it can be quite rewarding.

There are also many smaller businesses that are available for individuals that would like to work in the automotive industry. Some people make a business by clearing headlights that have become foggy or perhaps by fixing car interiors. As long as you have the skills that are necessary to complete the task, you typically have the opportunity to start a business that is going to be profitable. You should keep in mind, however, there may be very little call for the skill that you have chosen so it is always a better idea for you to offer multiple options to the car lot so that you will be more valuable to them.

The automotive industry has provided jobs for many individuals, both directly and through a third-party enterprise. With the right tools, the right skills and a little bit of ingenuity, you can start a business of your own and work within this exciting industry as well.

Steps To Selling Your Used Car For The Best Price

Getting a good price for your used car doesn’t have to be as complicated as you may think. All you need to do is follow these simple steps and you can have the cash you want for used car in no time!

Get in the know- Before putting that for sale sign in the window of your car, it is very important to know what the market is like for your particular car. How “in demand” is your vehicle right now? What kind of potential buyer will be interested in your car? The answers to these questions will help your determine how to advertise and price your vehicle. When you know what audience to target, you will be able to sell to a motivated buyer who is willing to give you what you want for the car.

Ensure reliability- Many car buyers are skeptical about used cars. Make your car stand out above the rest by reassuring the customer of the car’s reliability. Have your mechanic give the car a check to be sure that everything is in proper working order. Have them give you a report on the car’s condition that you can show potential buyers. Another great way to tame skeptical used car buyers is with a vehicle history report.

Be Legit- It’s imperative to know the rules for the sales of motor vehicles in your state. In the event of a mishap or accident, you need to be sure that you won’t be held responsible once the transaction has been made. Once you have secured funds for your car, record the odometer reading and your signature on the title before handing it to the buyer.

Give your car a makeover- Who wants to spend top dollar for a car that doesn’t look its best? Take some time to fix minor cosmetics on your car. Have the car detailed for the best clean inside and outside. Be sure to put an air freshener inside as well. If your automotive painting doesn’t look the best, consider a new paint job to help seal the deal. A car that appeals to the senses is more likely to draw and interest more potential buyers.

Price it right- Of course you don’t want to feel like you’re just giving your car away. However, pricing your car too high will steer buyers away to the competition. Take fair market value into consideration. Go to various automobile selling websites and view comparable vehicles for pricing. After taking in the condition of your vehicle, price your car accordingly. Price the car a little above what you are actually willing to accept to leave room for negotiations. You don’t need car sales training to be able to counter with a potential buyer, but if you make a habit of selling cars you should consider some.

The 5 Valuable Tips In Managing An Automotive Repair Business

The success of any business always depends on how it is being managed by its owner. Automotive repair business requires lots of things to consider before starting out. This type of business is one of the hardest ventures to supervise, but if you have superb expertise in handling automotive business, then everything will flow smoothly and according to the business plan. To assist you in managing this undertaking, here are the 5 helpful tips in running an automotive repair business.

1.Decide which suits you best, starting your own auto repair shop or purchasing a franchise of an automotive repair business.

Buying a franchise of an auto repair business is a lot easier than starting your own repair shop. If you purchase a franchise, all of the entire will be provided including the training, equipment and staff. Add to that, they will also be the sole responsible in marketing your business and most importantly they will provide you with high traffic-location.

3. Name your price.

Stating the values of your business and your charge per project are the next factors that you should consider. Never let your customers run out of trust on you and never let them pay for excessive work or repairs that are unperformed. Numerous automotive repair business in today’s times obtained dreadful status towards the public due to several issues that includes overcharging. Don’t let this happen to your repair shop. Be honest and always provide them with positive thoughts that your staff is competitive and you will provide them with superb services.

3. Proffer your customers with a guarantee.

All customers want an assurance that their vehicle will work appropriately after sending it to your shop. If you fail always give time to settle and discuss this matter courteously with your customer. Every client needs a guarantee that you can finish a certain job in a specific time frame. Always meet their expectations and make them feel that your service is exceedingly superior. Assurance is highly essential, it doesn’t only create an established relationship with your customers, but it will also provide you with good appraisal.

4. Show concerns to your personnel.

In an automotive repair business, employees are one of the most important tools for the business to flourish. If you have good and competitive mechanics, always treat them nicely and paid them fairly. Giving benefits to your employees such as adequate compensation insurance encourages them to work harder and motivates them to be responsible. Always feed them with words of encouragement and build a good working relationship with them.

5.Acknowledge regular customers.

Recognize and reward regular customers. It’s important to the customers for you to acknowledge them when they arrive. It makes them feel special and at ease to you as well as to your staff. Even a simple chit-chat , using their name, would make them feel so comfortable and content to your service. Giving discounts after the next repair or giving them abatement in other services is also very helpful in building a good customer-owner relationship.

In an automotive repair business, customer complaints are inevitable. But treat clients with complaints politely and always show concern and willingness to discuss and make resolutions, to the problem that is agreeable and fair to both parties.

The Importance Of Automotive Diagnostics

Automotive diagnostic can figure out the problems of a car quickly and accurately. The main benefit is can be easily upgraded with the software. It is not only saves your much money but also reduces the visits to mechanics’ shop, meanwhile save your time.
A basic diagnostic tool can distinguish different vehicles and any trouble codes, but it can not diagnose problems which about the internal programming of the vehicle.
When you have an abnormal occurrence on your car, this situation always not supposed to happen. If you use an automotive diagnostic tool, it can figure out the exact problem and tell the technician what should be done.
When a car isn’t run smoothly, maybe it’s a series of event caused. Though you are a technician, it is also hard to point the exact problem. However, automotive diagnostic tool which used computer diagnostic, so it is very quickly.

There are getting more and more complex failures in automotive electronic systems that only can be made visible using an professional oscilloscope specifically for automotive use.
As we know, our vehicles are cost much, so we should take care of them. To buy automotive diagnostic tool really can reduce the charges which you spending on service of your vehicle.

However, diagnostic tools are not cheap, so when you choosing one, you should depend on personal or professional level. Automotive tool come a wide variety of price range. The cheap and simple one only can display few features, while a dear one can provide the information of the engine and the methods of operation. If you repair your vehicles occasionally, it is suggested that you buy a simple, cheap one is best for you.Youroscilloscope.com will provide you more choices.

Top 12 Automotive Wiring Tips

The best connection is a properly done solder joint. If you aren’t sure how to solder, crimp the connection then solder it. Cold solder joints not only introduce resistance, but they can come apart.

2) Keep your grounds as short as possible. It is far better to have a few more connections than a long ground that can build heat and introduce ground loops. It is common practice to run a ground wire from a high demand devise such as a fuel pump back to the battery. This not only adds additional loads to the pump or devise but also can lead to device failure. Have you ever seen a production auto with a ground cable longer than the positive cable?

3) If at all possible, use stainless hardware to fasten all primary cables. Some galvanic or plated hardware can cause dissimilar corrosion and can sometimes carry more impedance that its stainless counter parts. On smaller secondary circuits, this is not as important.

4) Battery storage. Keep batteries away from humidity. Keeping it charged will prolong its life. If a battery is dead, cool it before you charge it. Put in the refrigerator or outside if its cold. Cool batteries charge better.

5) Batteries specifications and charge rates are for 77 degrees Fahrenheit. Temperature variations will change charge rates.

6) Use relays. Anytime you want to switch a device that draws more current than is provided by an output of a switch or component you’ll need to use a relay. The coil of an SPDT relay that we most commonly use draws very little current (less than 200 milliamps) and the amount of current that you can pass through a relay’s common, normally closed, and normally open contacts will handle up to 30 or 40 amps. This allows you to switch devices such as headlights, parking lights, horns, etc., with low amperage outputs such as those found on keyless entry and alarm systems, and other components. In some cases you may need to switch multiple things at the same time using one output. A single output connected to multiple relays will allow you to open continuity and/or close continuity simultaneously on multiple wires.

7) Most electromechanical devises are rated according to the MTBF (Mean Time Between Failures). You improve your odds of a long MTBF by keeping your electrical devices in a low humidity, low heat environment.

8) Do not ever use THHN/THWN wire. This wire (insulation) classification is not rated for automotive use. Cars move and vibrate which chafes the insulating material.

9) A wire that is rated for A/C voltage may have a different rating when used in low voltage D/C applications. Your house uses A/C, your car uses D/C.

10) The best primary power cable is a type TEW or MTW (Machine Tool Wire) as its rated for continuous use with higher amperage loads.

11) OFC (oxygen free copper) is by far the best cable for automotive use. However, it is expensive and requires a quality crimper and should be soldered for security. The most common application for this wire is high-end car stereo applications.

12) If you are like me, you may choose to skip OFC and go with TXL wire. TXL (thermal cross-linked) wire is next best. TXL wire has twice the voltage rating of standard GPT (general purpose) wire. Most high-end harnesses are made with this wire. If you want to keep your ride for the long haul, you may want to pony up for a harness made with this wire.